I have often said that human beings are information processing units, and this also applies to all forms of life — all forms of consciousness.
As instruments of consciousness, we are programmed to gather information through experience. Furthermore, we are programmed to process our information and grow resultant developmental self-awareness in the process. One could say we are wired to look outside of ourselves and to be objective in our focus. Furthermore, until we evolve to a certain level of self-awareness, we are just robots (automatons of consciousness), acting out our programs and playing our software.